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Wine, Beer, Spirits

All About Wine



Wine is made by fermenting the grapes. It is fermented without adding acids, sugars, water, enzymes and nutrients because the sugar is consumed by the grapes which are converted into carbon dioxide and ethanol. The various strain of yeasts and grapes forms various wine styles. The fruits and rice is used to produce wine.

The evidence shows that the wine production was started in Iran, Georgia, Armenia and Greece. From its origin, wine is regarded as religious due to the altered consciousness. The wine was consumed as a ritual in the Jewish since the times of Biblical. Nominally Islam banned its consumption or production of wine in the Golden Age. Turkic Uyghurs introduced viticulture to China from Tang dynasty. The intake and production of wine increases in the 15th century with the expansion of Europe.

Nutritional value

In 148 gm, it contains 128.14 g of moisture, 123 calories, 0.1 g of protein, 0.36 g of ash, 4.03 g of carbohydrate and 1.17 of total sugars. It contains 8% of manganese, 6.88% of iron, 6.15% of vitamin B6, 5.67% of fluoride, 4.29% of phosphorus, 3.81% of magnesium, 3.13% of potassium, 3.10% of carbohydrate, 2.62% of Vitamin B2, 1.73% of zinc, 1.54% of niacin, 1.35% of choline, 1.20% of calcium, 1.11% of copper and 1.10% of Vitamin B5.

Health Benefits of Wine

Wine possesses various therapeutic properties which help to treat heart ailments and coronary ailments. The women should consume only one glass and two glasses by men in a day. The moderate intake of wine leads to early death, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, stroke and heart disease.

  1. Lowers depression

The study shows that the intake of wine helps to lower the chances of depression. The consumption of alcohol helps to promote the mental health. The women and men who took 2-7 glasses in a week helps to lower the depression.

  1. Prevent colon cancer

The research shows that the adequate intake of red wine helps to lower the chances of bowel tumors by 50 percent.

  1. Anti-aging properties

The red wine possesses anti-aging activities which has various beneficial uses. Cranberries, blueberries and nuts are the great source of resveratrol. It contains procyanidins that helps to maintain the healthy blood vessels.

  1. Prevent breast cancer

The daily intake of alcohol increases the chances of breast cancer. The seeds and skins of red wine help to lower the level of estrogen and raise the testosterone in the premenstrual women that lowers the chances of breast cancer. The intake of alcoholic drinks by the breast cancer patients increase the level of estrogen.

  1. Prevent dementia

The intake of red wine lowers the chances of dementia. It lowers the dementia in the red wine drinkers. It reduces the blood platelets stickiness and helps to maintain flexibility in the blood vessels. It assists in the transport of blood to the brain. The red grapes skin has high content of resveratrol. The wine lowers the chances of dementia by about 23 percent in comparison to the non-drinkers.

  1. Prevent sunburn

The wine lowers the effects of UV rays on the skin. It activates the reactive oxygen species. Grapes and wines has flavonoids that hinder the ROS formation in the skin cells which are exposed to the sunlight.

  1. Prevent blindness

Wine prevents the growth of blood vessels in the eye that may lead to blindness that is the result of overgrowth of blood vessels in an eye. Wine contains resveratrol that prevents the vision health. Peanuts, grapes and blueberries have high content in resveratrol.

  1. Prevent stroke

The wine prevents the stroke. Resveratrol increases the heme oxygenase level which is an enzyme that prevents the brain cell damage. The brain prevents itself when stroke is occurred due to the high content of enzyme.

  1. Prevent lung cancer

Wine has resveratrol which is helpful for the lung function. The intake of wine in moderate amounts helps to assist the function of lungs. The antioxidant properties found in red wine helps to prevent the lung cancer.

  1. Prevent liver ailments

The consumption of wine lowers the chances of non-alcoholic fatty liver ailments. The moderate amount of wine lowers the chances of liver disease.

  1. Prevent prostate cancer

The wine lowers the chances of prostate cancer by 52%. One should consume about seven glasses in a week. It is associated with lowering the chances of prostate cancer.

  1. Prevent type 2 diabetes

Red wine enhances the insulin sensitivity which is vital for lowering the chances of type 2 diabetes. It increases the SIRT level that enhances the sensitivity of insulin in mice.

Types of wine

  • Cabernet Sauvignon

It is the red grape and widely popular wine in the world. It has bold tannins. It has the taste of Black Currant, Black Cherry, Baking Spices and Cedar.

  • Syrah

It is the red wines which have intense flavor as well as middle weight tannins. It is blended with Mourvedre and Grenache to form red Rhone blend. It has meaty quality.

  • Zinfandel

It is the red wine of medium bodied which was originated in Croatia. It is red grape variety.

  • Pinot Noir

It is the dry and light bodied red wine with high content of acid and low tannins.

  • Chardonnay

It is the white wine which is dry and full bodied that is produced from white grapes of Burgundy.

  • Sauvignon Blanc

It is the white wine that is dry, tart having the flavors of green fruit.

  • Pinot Gris

It is light bodied wine that is made from white grape. It has middle weight with bitter flavor.

  • Riesling

When it is made as table wine, it has high content of acid.

Traditional uses 

  • The doctors of Sumerian and Egyptian used wine vinegar and wine as anesthetic for childbirth and operations.
  • In West Asia, Hippocrates used it to clean the wounds to prevent the infections.
  • It helps to treat wounds, diarrhea and lethargy.


  • It should not be consumed in excess amounts because it could lead to the side effects such as health ailments, sleep deficiency, obesity etc.
  • It should not be consumed by the pregnant women and breast feeding women because it could lead to the birth defects and miscarriage.
  • It increases the chances asthma attacks and worsens gout.
  • It increases the blood pressure; worsen pancreatitis, anemia and liver disease.

How to Eat          

White wine is served with fish and Red wine is served with meat.

Other Facts         

West Asia, Central Asia and Egypt are the countries who first drank wines which then spread to the Mediterranean Sea.


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Wine, Beer, Spirits

SommCon 2024: A Premier Gathering for Wine, Beer, and Spirits Professionals in San Diego




SommCon®, the leading symposium for wine, beer, and spirits professionals, has officially announced its return to the vibrant city of San Diego, California. Scheduled from October 5-7, 2024, at the Town & Country Resort, this preeminent event is gearing up to offer an unparalleled immersive experience into the world of beverage. Having established a strong community of beverage trailblazers over nearly a decade, SommCon® presents an unmatched platform for on- and off-premise buyers, wholesalers, importers, distributors, sommeliers, beverage directors, educators, and media.

The 2024 conference promises over 30 workshops and master classes across six diverse tracks, including Advanced Tasting Techniques, Beer & Spirits, Climate & Sustainability, Financial Acumen & Business Management, Professional Development, and Regional Explorations. These sessions are designed to foster both personal and professional growth in the beverage industry.

With a notable increase in attendance and brand participation in the previous year, the SommCon Beverage Expo returns with a robust marketplace. This segment of the event will connect over 1,000 on- and off-premise buyers, importers, and distributors with domestic and international producers. The trade show is set to feature innovation zones and educational stages, a Craft Producers Pavilion, facilitated buyer-supplier meetings, and showcases of 2024 Concours d’Spirits and Concours d’Vin medal winners. Additionally, the Bottle Shot Lounge will offer producers the opportunity to obtain professional product photography, enhancing their brand visibility.

Several new experiences await attendees at the 2024 Conference & Beverage Expo. A Hosted Buyer Program invites professional alcohol beverage buyers to apply for a complimentary full conference pass, including travel and accommodations. The Women in Craft Forum, hosted by the Craft Beverage Expo, will focus on the pivotal role of women in the craft beverage industry, offering a day of education centered around business development and expansion.

Furthermore, a Career Coaching & Resource Center will provide resources for those looking to advance their beverage careers. This space will include career coaching, resume workshops, mentorship, a professional headshot studio, and brand partners offering training for continuing education and certifications. Attendees can also look forward to engaging in Fun & Games, including trivia, spelling bees, and blind tasting battles, designed to foster networking in a competitive yet enjoyable atmosphere.

The BevTech Showcase will introduce cutting-edge technology brands revolutionizing the beverage industry, offering insights into the intersection of technology and the professional alcohol beverage industry. The Content & Creator Studio will provide a bespoke filming environment for brands and creators to collaborate, producing high-quality educational content, industry podcasts, and more.

The event will take place at the iconic Town & Country Resort in San Diego, a property known for its retro charm and comprehensive facilities. With newly renovated guestrooms, a resort-style pool, award-winning on-property dining, and extensive meeting and event space, the venue promises an exceptional experience for all attendees.

Registration for the SommCon Conference & Beverage Expo is now open, with details and sign-up information available on their website. As the premier gathering for professionals in the wine, beer, and spirits industry, SommCon® offers unparalleled opportunities for education, networking, and career development.

SommCon® is a trademark of Fast Forward, an event production house specializing in consumer and business events in wine, beer, spirits, culinary, and hospitality. The conference and expo are produced in partnership with The SOMM Journal, featuring the Concours d’Spirits and Concours d’Vin competitions, and SommGo, an on-demand streaming service with educational content for the global wine, beer, and spirits industry.

As the beverage industry continues to evolve, SommCon® remains at the forefront, providing a dynamic platform for learning, growth, and innovation. Whether you’re a seasoned professional or new to the field, the 2024 conference and expo promise to be an invaluable experience for all who attend.

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Wine, Beer, Spirits

The Resilient Rise of Spirits: Outpacing Beer and Wine in Market Share




In an era where consumer preferences are rapidly evolving, the spirits industry has remarkably maintained its edge over beer and wine, marking the second consecutive year of its market share dominance. Despite facing the headwinds of high inflation and rising interest rates, which have generally dampened discretionary spending, the spirits sector’s resilience is noteworthy. According to the Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (DISCUS), U.S. spirits revenue saw a modest increase of 0.2% in 2023, reaching $37.7 billion. This growth, albeit slight, underscores the industry’s ability to navigate through economic uncertainties and consumer shifts, outpacing beer and wine sales by 0.4% and 26.1%, respectively.

The pandemic era brought about a significant surge in alcohol consumption, with many turning to premium spirits as a form of indulgence during lockdowns. Vodka retained its position as the top-selling spirit, while tequila and mezcal not only secured the second spot but also widened their lead over American whiskey. The categories of tequila, mezcal, blended whiskey, and American whiskey emerged as the fastest-growing in terms of revenue, signaling a shift in consumer tastes towards more diverse and premium spirits.

Despite the overall market’s modest growth, the premium segment of the spirits industry faced challenges. Major players like Diageo, LVMH, and Constellation Brands reported weaknesses in their premium spirits and wine segments. Diageo, for instance, experienced a significant stock drop after cutting its growth guidance, reflecting the broader trend of slowing luxury spirits sales post-pandemic peak.

However, the industry found a silver lining in the rapid rise of ready-to-drink (RTD) cocktails. This category, which includes spirits-based products like vodka and tequila-based hard seltzers, was the fastest-growing in 2023, with a 26.7% increase in revenue to $2.8 billion. The success of RTD cocktails can be attributed to their premium positioning and the consumer’s desire for convenience without compromising on quality. Companies like Coca-Cola have entered the RTD market, launching cocktails in collaboration with Brown-Forman’s Jack Daniel’s, further validating the category’s growth potential.

The American whiskey segment, in particular, received a boost with the extension of the suspension of EU tariffs on the liquor until March 31, 2025. This agreement between the U.S. and European Union is a positive development for the industry, potentially opening up European markets for American whiskey producers and contributing to the category’s growth.

In conclusion, the spirits industry’s performance in 2023 reflects its adaptability and resilience in the face of economic pressures and changing consumer preferences. While the luxury segment may have experienced a slowdown, the rise of RTD cocktails and the strategic focus on diversifying spirit offerings have kept the industry in a strong position. As we move forward, it will be interesting to see how the spirits sector continues to innovate and respond to the evolving landscape of consumer tastes and economic conditions.

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Wine, Beer, Spirits

The Art and Science of Crafting Alcohol-Free Beer and Wine: A Deep Dive into the Brewing Revolution




In a culture where alcohol has been a staple for centuries, the rise of non-alcoholic beer and wine marks a significant shift in consumer preferences and technological advancements. This trend is not just a fleeting fad but a reflection of a deeper change in societal attitudes towards alcohol consumption.

The Growing Trend of Mindful Drinking

The concept of “mindful drinking” is gaining traction worldwide, particularly in Australia, where alcohol has been a part of the social fabric for over 240 years. This shift is evident in the expanding range of non-alcoholic beverages available in supermarkets and online retailers. Unlike their earlier counterparts, these new-age drinks are not limited in variety and boast flavors that closely mimic their alcoholic versions.

The Science Behind Non-Alcoholic Brews

The journey of creating non-alcoholic beer and wine begins with traditional fermentation, where yeasts convert sugars into ethanol. This process is crucial as it contributes to the beverage’s flavor profile. The challenge, however, lies in removing the alcohol while retaining the taste.

High-Tech Methods: Filtration and Distillation

Advanced techniques like membrane filtration and distillation are at the forefront of this brewing revolution. Membrane filtration, particularly reverse osmosis, involves passing the beverage under pressure through filters to separate ethanol from other compounds. This method is favored for its ability to maintain the integrity of the drink’s flavor.

Distillation, on the other hand, separates compounds based on their boiling points. To prevent flavor alteration due to heat, this process is conducted under low pressures and in a vacuum, allowing ethanol removal at lower temperatures, as explained in a study published in the Journal of the Institute of Brewing.

The Craft Brewer’s Approach

Craft breweries, especially in Australia, are adopting innovative methods to produce low-alcohol beers without the need for expensive equipment. These methods include manipulating fermentation conditions and using unique yeast strains. Some breweries use yeasts that are less efficient in producing ethanol, resulting in beers with very low alcohol content, sometimes even below 0.5%. This approach not only offers a low-alcohol alternative but also introduces a variety of new flavors to the beer market.

The Future of Non-Alcoholic Beverages

Creating non-alcoholic versions that taste exactly like their alcoholic counterparts remains a challenge. Ethanol contributes significantly to the flavor, especially in wine. However, producers are continually refining their techniques. Preliminary investigations have shown that even experienced beer drinkers often cannot distinguish between non-alcoholic and alcoholic beers.

Embracing the Non-Alcoholic Wave

The non-alcoholic beverage market is not just a response to consumer demand for healthier options; it’s also a testament to the ingenuity and adaptability of the brewing industry. As technology and brewing techniques evolve, the gap between non-alcoholic and alcoholic beverages in terms of taste and variety continues to narrow.

The rise of non-alcoholic beer and wine is a clear indicator of a broader societal shift towards mindful consumption. It reflects a growing awareness of the health implications of alcohol and a desire for inclusive social experiences where everyone, regardless of their drinking preferences, can enjoy a flavorful beverage.

As we move forward, the non-alcoholic beverage industry is poised to play a significant role in shaping drinking cultures around the world. It’s not just about removing alcohol; it’s about adding choice, inclusivity, and innovation to our social fabric. The future of drinking is here, and it’s surprisingly sober.

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